With a politicised debate in the USA on the value of ESG integration running in the background, we have seen several opinion pieces in newspapers and magazines. For example, The Economist magazine recently ran an article where it made the case for more government action and a unique focus on the ‘E’ (i.e. Environmental). In addition, there have been numerous academic papers discussing the value of ESG investing and the role of investee engagement (an example of which can be downloaded here).
These discussions are all the more important in the context of the EU’s sustainable finance regulation framework, encompassing several measures such as the Sustainable Finance Disclosure Regulation (SFDR), MiFID II, the EU Taxonomy, the Corporate Sustainability Reporting Directive, amongst others.
We welcome this engaged discussion among stakeholders around how ESG factors are integrated across the financial services industry. As an independent private bank and a wealth, fiduciary and asset manager, we are party to the debate and wish to add our voice. It is our view that as an organisation we must deploy the capital that is entrusted to us in a sustainable way, while also considering sustainability risks and long-term value creation.
Embedding ESG factors throughout our business has been part of our culture for a long time, having implemented multiple policies and practices around exclusion and avoidance, ESG integration, and active ownership to contribute to better outcomes. We certainly do not always agree with the arguments of various commentators and often have a demonstrably different approach to making investments more sustainable.
Ratings are not everything
When integrating ESG factors into investments, asset managers often make use of ‘ESG ratings’, attributed to companies by analysts and research agencies with the purpose of scoring how the companies fare on ESG factors and what ESG risks these companies face.
These ratings are one of the most hotly debated aspects of Sustainable Investment. What factors are taken into consideration, how can one measure the plans companies have for ESG risk mitigation, and how do you compare the different ratings from the various rating agencies?
Then there are also differences in how these ratings are used: an assumption is often made that investors simply exclude the worst performers based on their given ratings, or that they may solely invest in the best performers. By doing so, they miss the fact that ratings do not tell the whole story on sustainability performance, nor do they say much on the trajectory (better or worse) that a company is on.
This is not how Van Lanschot Kempen integrates ESG into our investments. On top of the risk score data, we use additional ESG approaches and variables to construct portfolios for our clients, such as a measure of CO2e emissions, exclusion of companies with severe controversies or poor governance, applying additional Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) tilts, and others. Our aim is to move towards real world impact and a low carbon economy. We also engage with the companies in which we invest to encourage them to make sustainable changes. In other words: our active ownership approach allows us to move well beyond merely excluding companies with poor ESG ratings; we choose a more considered, nuanced, and dynamic approach.
Navigating the transitions with our proprietary ESG Risk Score
Our goal is to assist our clients with navigating the important transitions of our time. Therefore, in our core strategies, we focus on finding the future winners and losers of these transitions. Here, current laggards (with low ESG ratings) could happen to be future winners - if they adjusted faster, for example. Since ESG ratings are still part of our evaluation, more forward-looking scores are instrumental for investors. To this end, we have recently developed a new methodology for constructing a proprietary ESG Risk Score, that enables us to incorporate our own views and expertise on the companies involved.
Portfolio managers can now make nuanced and quick adjustments to companies' ESG scores, using their own knowledge and research on companies, thus reducing the dependance on external scores and making the scores more forward-looking. The Kempen Investment teams can then use their scores to better understand ESG risks faced by companies in our portfolios, feeding into our valuation models. The scores can also be used to implement exclusion criteria.
The resulting Kempen Risk scores are absolute, i.e. not adjusted based on the company’s performance against its industry peers. Therefore the scores can be used as a comparison of risk between companies and across industries. Portfolio managers can access the scoring system through a specially-built desktop app which provides a high level of transparency on how the score is established.
How it works
The foundation of the Kempen ESG Risk Score is based on the risk ratings of an external, independent data provider that measures an individual company’s exposure to 21 material ESG risks and also scores how well these risks are being managed.
But while we take the risk exposure scores as a given, the Kempen portfolio managers use the external scores and sub-scores on how well ESG-risks are managed as default scores which they can adapt and override when they have a differing view on the company. This opinion can originate, for example, from engagement with the company or proprietary research that point towards improvements or deteriorations in ESG status that are not (yet) visible in the default scores.
We put an extensive focus on carbon emissions and corporate governance. Given the importance of these issues, we use a more extensive combination of external data for a refined custom scoring framework based on precisely defined sub-issues. The framework thus reflects the targets the company has set, the way the company manages these targets, and how management is incentivised to reach these targets. This helps us track how the companies in which we invest fare on their decarbonisation ambitions - a direct link to our objective to become a net zero investor!
What investors in our core strategies will gain:
In addition to the Kempen ESG score, we act as active owners through voting and engagement with our investee companies – our July newsletter offered some insight on this.
Kempen Capital Management N.V. (KCM) is licensed as a manager of various UCITS and AIFs and authorised to provide investment services and as such is subject to supervision by the Netherlands Authority for the Financial Markets. This document is for information purposes only and provides insufficient information for an investment decision. This document does not contain investment advice, no investment recommendation, no research, or an invitation to buy or sell any financial instruments, and should not be interpreted as such. The opinions expressed in this document are our opinions and views as of such date only. These may be subject to change at any given time, without prior notice.
The value of your investment may fluctuate. Past performance provides no guarantee for the future. The figures presented are gross performance, the effect of potential fees and charges is not included. The level of the fees and charges will depend on the applied product structure, this will have effect on the net performance.
Capital at risk. The value of investments and the income from them can fall as well as rise and are not guaranteed. Investors may not get back the amount originally invested. Past performance provides no guarantee for the future.